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In view of the communication policy outlined by the Decrees of Necessity and Urgency

13/15 and 267/15 issued by President Mauricio Macri


The above signatory, who are devoted to the study of the relationships between media, communication technologies and democratic policy from a variety of angles, approaches and concerns, express our concern in view of the communication policy outlined by the Decrees of Necessity and Urgency (DNUs) 13/15 and 267/15 issued by president Mauricio Macri.

There are grounds for concern both in the procedure and the content of those measures. A brief summary follows:

  • Because the measures have enormous and many-facetedimplications for democracy and freedom of expression, media/communication policy-making, they must be the product of ample discussions and consensus among multiple political and social actors. They cannot be decided behind closed doors by the Executive branch of the government and the main business actors. As a matter of fact, both the use and the content of the Decrees contravene international agreements binding in Argentina as well as specific laws pertaining to the protection of freedom of expression and media regulation.
  • The arguments put forward in public and stated in the Decrees do not justify the status of Necessity and Urgency of the measures taken.If anything, those arguments warrant a wide legislative debate allowing all the affected parties to publicly express their views.
  • The resort to the Decrees is contrary to the aspiration to build sustainable policies to adequately regulate democratic public communication and overcome long-standing flaws in the historical relationships between the Argentine media and political systems.
  • While the criticisms of the selective, partial and/or partisan application of the Law of Audiovisual Communication Services are valid, the problems are not corrected by eliminating or altering it.Instead, it was necessary to ensure that its central articles are implemented in an impartial and transparent manner. If what is expected is to modify the law, any changes have to be the result of legislative debates, broad public knowledge, and social participation.
  • The Decrees create a new agency in which the Executive Power will have absolute majority and could remove “without invoking a reason” all members (including those representing the minority). Such decision does not promise a process open to various political        and social interests in the control, application and design of communication policies.
  • Argentina had recently made progress in the institutional building of audiovisual policies that involved the Executive Power, public and legislative debates as well as a decision by the Supreme Court. In agreement with regulations in other democracies, all three state powers shared the view that freedom of expression and pluralism demand restrictions on the concentration of media ownership. Certainly, it is legitimate to discuss suitable mechanisms to establish restrictions, but it is problematic to suppress the debate (grounded on the empirically wrong premise that concentration does not exist in our country), eliminate limits to concentration without clear arguments, and decree an opposite framework as fait accompli.
  • The relaxation of limits to ownership will bring important consequences for a sector prone to economies of scale, benefit large companies, and in all likelihood, consolidate the domination of a few conglomerates. This is not only a problem for economic competition, but it affects freedom of expression and the quality of our democracy.


Martín Becerra, UNQ – UBA – Conicet

Philip Kitzberger, UTDT – Conicet

Santiago Marino, UNQ – UBA – USAL

Guillermo Mastrini, UNQ – UBA

Eugenia Mitchelstein, UDESA

Soledad Segura, UNC – Conicet


Gabriel Vommaro, UNGS – Conicet

Silvio Waisbord, George Washington University



Luis A. Albornoz, IIGG-UBA – Conicet

Natalia Aruguete, UNQ – Conicet

Manuel Balan, McGillUniversity

Micaela Baldoni UBA – UNGS – EHESS

Ana Bizberge, UBA

Marcelo Brunet, UNJu – UCSE

Ornela Carboni, UNQ – Conicet

Juan Pablo Cremonte, UNGS

Carlos da Rosa, UN Misiones

Florencia Enghel, Universidad de Estocolmo

Agustín Espada, UNQ – Conicet

Gustavo Fontanals, UBA

Maria Trinidad García Leiva, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Ariel Goldstein, UBA – Conicet

Pedro Arturo Gómez, UNT – UCSE

Nadia Koziner, UNQ – Conicet

Alejandro Linares, UN La Pampa – UBA

Ernesto Picco, UNSE

Natalia Raimondo Anselmino, UNR – Conicet

Lucrecia Reta, UN Comahue

Lorena Retegui, UNQ

Luis Ricardo Sandoval, UNPSJB

Laura Rosenberg UNGS – UBA – CONICET

IvanSchuliaquer, UNGS – Conicet – SorbonneNouvelle

Lucía Vincent, UNSAM

Esteban Zunino, UNQ – UMAZA – Conicet


Alejandro Barranquero Carretero (Universidad Carlos III, España)

Gustavo Buquet (Uruguay)

Marcos Dantas (UFRJ, Brasil)

Romel Jurado (Ecuador)

Gabriel Kaplún (UDeLaR, Uruguay)

Alberto Efendy Maldonado de la Torre (UNISINOS, Brasil)

Isabel Ramos (Flacso, Ecuador)

Murilo Ramos (UNB, Brasil)

Carlos Scolari (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

Rosemary Segurado (PUC-SP, Brasil)

Pablo Alabarces (UBA/CONICET),

Silvia Benchimol (UNCuyo)

Roberto Gargarella (UBA, UTDT)

Mariana Heredia (UNSAM, UBA/CONICET)

Enrique Peruzzotti (UTDT)

Alejandro Ramírez (UNER)

Miguel Julio Rodríguez Villafañe (UNC)

Natalia Vinelli (UBA, BarricadaTV)